Publications

Articles in scientific journals

Books

Theses
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1. Articles in scientific journals
 Flexoelectric fluid membrane vesicles in spherical confinement
Niloufar Abtahi, Lila Bouzar, Nadia SaidiAmroun, Martin Michael Müller 
The morphology of spherically confined flexoelectric fluid membrane vesicles in an ex
ternal uniform electric field is studied numerically. Due to the deformations induced by
the confinement, the membrane becomes polarized resulting in an interaction with the
external field. The equilibrium shapes of the vesicle without electric field can be clas
sified in a geometrical phase diagram as a function of scaled area and reduced volume
[1, 2]. When the area of the membrane is only slightly larger than the area of the con
fining sphere, a single axisymmetric invagination appears. A nonvanishing electric field
induces an additional elongation of the confined vesicle which is either perpendicular or
parallel depending on the sign of the electric field parameter. Higher values of the surface
area or the electric field parameter can reduce the symmetry of the system leading to
more complex folding. We present the resulting shapes and show that transition lines
are shifted in the presence of an electric field. The obtained folding patterns could be of
interest for biophysical and technological applications alike.
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EPL, 131(1): 18001, 2020. See also arXiv:2006.04475.
 Isometric bending requires local constraints on free edges
Jemal Guven, Martin Michael Müller, Pablo VázquezMontejo 
While the shape equations describing the equilibrium of an unstretchable thin sheet that is free
to bend are known, the boundary conditions that supplement these equations on free edges have remained elusive.
Intuitively, unstretchability is captured by a constraint on the metric within the bulk. Naïvely one would then
guess that this constraint is enough to ensure that the deformations determining the boundary conditions on these
edges respect the isometry constraint. If matters were this simple, unfortunately, it would imply unbalanced torques
(as well as forces) along the edge unless manifestly unphysical constraints are met by the boundary geometry. In this
article, we identify the source of the problem: not only the local arclength but also the geodesic curvature need to
be constrained explicitly on all free edges. We derive the boundary conditions which follow. In contrast to conventional
wisdom, there is no need to introduce boundary layers. This framework is applied to isolated conical defects, both
with deficit as well, but more briefly, as surplus angles. Using these boundary conditions, we show that the lateral
tension within a circular cone of fixed radius is equal but opposite to the radial compression, and independent of
the deficit angle itself. We proceed to examine the effect of an oblique outer edge on this cone perturbatively
demonstrating that both the correction to the geometry as well as the stress distribution in the cone kicks in at
second order in the eccentricity of the edge.
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Math. Mech. Solids, 24: 4051, 2019. See also arXiv:1904.05855.
 Helical Superstructure of Intermediate Filaments
Lila Bouzar, Martin Michael Müller, René Messina, Bernd Nöding, Sarah Köster, Hervé Mohrbach, Igor M. Kulić 
Abstract
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Phys. Rev. Lett., 122: 098101, 2019. See also arXiv:1803.04691.
 Vesicle dynamics in confined steady and harmonically modulated Poiseuille flows
Zakaria Boujja, Chaouqi Misbah, Hamid EzZahraouy, Abdelilah Benyoussef, Thomas John, Christian Wagner, Martin Michael Müller 
Abstract
Phys. Rev. E, 98: 043111, 2018. See also arXiv:1810.04500.
 Confining a fluid membrane vesicle of toroidal topology in an adhesive hard sphere
Lila Bouzar, Ferhat Menas, Martin Michael Müller 
Abstract
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IOP Conf. Series: MSE, 186: 012021, 2017.
 Squeezed helical elastica
Lila Bouzar, Martin Michael Müller, Pierre Gosselin, Igor M. Kulić, Hervé Mohrbach 
We theoretically study the conformations of a helical semiflexible filament
confined to a twodimensional surface. This squeezed helix exhibits a variety of unexpected shapes
resembling circles, waves or spirals depending on the material parameters. We explore the conformation
space in detail and show that the shapes can be understood as the mutual elastic interaction of
conformational quasiparticles. Our theoretical results are potentially useful to
determine the material parameters of such helical filaments in an experimental setting.
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Eur. Phys. J. E, 39: 114, 2016. See also arXiv:1606.03611.
 How biofilaments twist membranes
Julien Fierling, Albert Johner, Igor M. Kulić, Hervé Mohrbach, Martin Michael Müller 
Abstract
Soft Matter, 12: 5747, 2016.
 Toroidal membrane vesicles in spherical confinement
Lila Bouzar, Ferhat Menas, Martin Michael Müller 
Abstract
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Phys. Rev. E, 92: 032721, 2015. See also arXiv:1509.00765.
 Nonlinear buckling and symmetry breaking of a soft elastic sheet sliding on a cylindrical substrate
Norbert Stoop, Martin Michael Müller 
Abstract
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Int. J. NonLinear Mech., 75: 115, 2015. See also arXiv:1503.05030.
 Crunching Biofilament Rings
Julien Fierling, Martin Michael Müller, Hervé Mohrbach, Albert Johner, Igor M. Kulić 
We discuss a curious example for the collective mechanical behavior of coupled nonlinear monomer units entrapped in a circular filament. Within a simple model we elucidate how multistability of monomer units and exponentially large degeneracy of the filament's ground state emerge as a collective feature of the closed filament. Surprisingly, increasing the monomer frustration, i.e., the bending prestrain within the circular filament, leads to a conformational softening of the system. The phenomenon, that we term polymorphic crunching, is discussed and applied to a possible scenario for membrane tube deformation by switchable dynamin or FtsZ filaments. We find an important role of cooperative interunit interaction for efficient ring induced membrane fission.
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Europhys. Lett., 107(6): 68002, 2014. See also arXiv:1408.6787.
 Confotronic dynamics of tubular filaments
Osman Kahraman, Hervé Mohrbach, Martin Michael Müller, Igor M. Kulić 
Abstract
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Soft Matter, 10(16): pp. 28362847, 2014. See also arXiv:1312.3106.
 Whirling skirts and rotating cones
Jemal Guven, J. A. Hanna, Martin Michael Müller 
Steady, dihedrally symmetric patterns with sharp peaks may be observed on a spinning skirt, lagging behind the material flow of the fabric. These qualitative features are captured with a minimal model of traveling waves on an inextensible, flexible, generalizedconical sheet rotating about a fixed axis. Conservation laws are used to reduce the dynamics to a quadrature describing a particle in a threeparameter family of potentials. One parameter is associated with the stress in the sheet, aNoether is the current associated with rotational invariance, and the third is a Rossby number which indicates the relative strength of Coriolis forces. Solutions are quantized by enforcing a topology appropriate to a skirt and a particular choice of dihedral symmetry. A perturbative analysis of nearly axisymmetric cones shows that Coriolis effects are essential in establishing skirtlike solutions. Fully nonlinear solutions with threefold symmetry are presented which bear a suggestive resemblance to the observed patterns.
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New J. Phys., 15: 113055, 2013. See also arXiv:1306.2619.
 Myotubularin and PtdIns3P remodel the sarcoplasmic reticulum in muscle in vivo
Leonela Amoasii, Karim Hnia, Gaëtan Chicanne, Andreas Brech, Belinda Simone Cowling, Martin Michael Müller, Yannick Schwab, Pascale Koebel, Arnaud Ferry, Bernard Payrastre, Jocelyn Laporte 
Abstract
J. Cell Sci., 126(8): 1806, 2013.
 Dipoles in thin sheets
Jemal Guven, J. A. Hanna, Osman Kahraman, Martin Michael Müller 
Abstract
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Eur. Phys. J. E, 36: 106, 2013. See also arXiv:1212.3262.
 Fluid membrane vesicles in confinement
Osman Kahraman, Norbert Stoop, Martin Michael Müller 
Abstract
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New J. Phys., 14: 095021, 2012.
 Petal shapes of sympetaleous flowers: the interplay between growth, geometry and elasticity
Martine Ben Amar, Martin Michael Müller, Miguel Trejo 
The growth of a thin elastic sheet imposes constraints on its geometry such as its Gaussian curvature K_{G}.
In this paper, we construct the shapes of sympetalous bellshaped flowers with a constant Gaussian curvature. Minimizing the bending energies
of both the petal and the veins, we are able to predict quantitatively the global shape of these flowers. We discuss two toy problems
where the Gaussian curvature is either negative or positive. In the former case the axisymmetric pseudosphere turns out to mimic the correct
shape before edge curling; in the latter case, singularities of the mathematical surface coincide with strong veins. Using a variational
minimization of the elastic energy, we find that the optimal number for the veins is either four, five or six, a number which is deceptively
close to the statistics on real flowers in nature.
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New J. Phys., 14: 085014, 2012. Also featured in the Highlights of 2012.
 Morphogenesis of membrane invaginations in spherical confinement
Osman Kahraman, Norbert Stoop, Martin Michael Müller 
Abstract
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Europhys. Lett., 97(6): 68008, 2012. See also arXiv:1201.2518.
 Conical instabilities on paper
Jemal Guven, Martin Michael Müller, Pablo VázquezMontejo 
Abstract
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J. Phys. A: Math. Theor., 45(1): 015203, 2012. See also arXiv:1107.5008.
 Interfacemediated interactions: Entropic forces of curved membranes
Pierre Gosselin, Hervé Mohrbach, Martin Michael Müller 
Abstract
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Phys. Rev. E, 83(5): 051921, 2011. See also arXiv:1011.1221.
 SelfContact and Instabilities in the Anisotropic Growth of Elastic Membranes
Norbert Stoop, Falk K. Wittel, Martine Ben Amar, Martin Michael Müller, Hans J. Herrmann 
Abstract
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Phys. Rev. Lett., 105(6): 068101, 2010. See also arXiv:1007.1871.
 Cell Model Approach to Membrane Mediated Protein Interactions
Martin Michael Müller, Markus Deserno 
Membranedeforming proteins can interact through the curvature
fields they create. In the case of many such proteins a cell model
approach can be used to calculate the energy per protein and
predict, whether it would lead to phase segregation or
budformation. Using covariant differential geometry exact results
are derived for the lateral pressure in terms of geometric
properties at the cell boundary. Numerical solutions of the exact
shape equations in the highly nonlinear regime are found and it is
seen that both phase segregation and bud formation can occur.
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Prog. Theor. Phys. Suppl., 184: pp. 351363, 2010.
 Hamiltonian formulation of surfaces with constant Gaussian curvature
Miguel Trejo, Martine Ben Amar, Martin Michael Müller 
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J. Phys. A: Math. Theor., 42(42): 425204, 2009.
 Local Membrane Mechanics of PoreSpanning Bilayers
Ingo Mey, Milena Stephan, Eva K. Schmitt, Martin Michael Müller, Martine Ben Amar, Claudia Steinem, Andreas Janshoff 
Abstract
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J. Am. Chem. Soc., 131(20): pp. 70317039, 2009.
 Elasticity Mapping of PoreSuspending Native Cell Membranes
Bärbel Lorenz, Ingo Mey, Siegfried Steltenkamp, Tamir Fine, Christina Rommel, Martin Michael Müller, Alexander Maiwald, Joachim Wegener, Claudia Steinem, Andreas Janshoff 
Abstract
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Small, 5(7): pp. 832838, 2009.
 Conical Defects in Growing Sheets
Martin Michael Müller, Martine Ben Amar, Jemal Guven 
A growing or shrinking disc will adopt a conical shape, its intrinsic geometry characterized by a surplus angle φ_{e} at the apex. If growth is slow, the cone will find its equilibrium. Whereas this is trivial if φ_{e}≤0, the disc can fold into one of a discrete infinite number of states if φ_{e} is positive. We construct these states in the regime where bending dominates, determine their energies and how stress is distributed in them. For each state a critical value of φ_{e} is identified beyond which the cone touches itself. Before this occurs, all states are stable; the ground state has twofold symmetry.
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Phys. Rev. Lett., 101(15): 156104, 2008. See also arXiv:0807.1814.
 How paper folds: bending with local constraints
Jemal Guven, Martin Michael Müller 
A variational framework is introduced to describe how a surface bends when it is subject to local constraints on its geometry. This framework is applied to describe the patterns of a folded sheet of paper. The unstretchability of paper implies a constraint on the surface metric; bending is penalized by an energy quadratic in mean curvature. The local Lagrange multipliers enforcing the constraint are identified with a conserved tangential stress that couples to the extrinsic curvature of the sheet. The framework is illustrated by examining the deformation of a flat sheet into a generalized cone.
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J. Phys. A: Math. Theor., 41(5): 055203, 2008. See also arXiv:0712.0978.
 Contact lines for fluid surface adhesion
Markus Deserno, Martin Michael Müller, Jemal Guven 
Abstract
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Phys. Rev. E, 76(1): 011605, 2007. See also condmat/0703019. Also featured in the Virtual Journal of Biological Physics Research.
 Balancing torques in membranemediated interactions: Exact results and
numerical illustrations
Martin Michael Müller, Markus Deserno, Jemal Guven 
Abstract
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Phys. Rev. E, 76(1): 011921, 2007. See also condmat/0702340. Also featured in the Virtual Journal of Biological Physics Research.
 Aggregation and vesiculation of membrane proteins by curvaturemediated
interactions
Benedict J. Reynwar, Gregoria Illya, Vagelis A. Harmandaris, Martin Michael Müller, Kurt Kremer, Markus Deserno 
Abstract
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Nature 447(7143): pp. 461464, 2007.
 How to determine local elastic properties of lipid bilayer membranes
from atomicforcemicroscope measurements: A theoretical analysis
Davood Norouzi, Martin Michael Müller, Markus Deserno 
Abstract
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Phys. Rev. E, 74(6): 061914, 2006. See also condmat/0602662. Also featured in the Virtual Journal of Biological Physics Research.
 Mechanical Properties of PoreSpanning Lipid Bilayers Probed by Atomic Force Microscopy
Siegfried Steltenkamp, Martin Michael Müller, Markus Deserno, Christian Hennesthal, Claudia Steinem, Andreas Janshoff 
Abstract
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Biophys. J., 91(1): pp. 217226, 2006.
 Interface mediated interactions between particles  a geometrical approach
Martin Michael Müller, Markus Deserno, Jemal Guven 
Particles bound to an interface interact because they deform its shape.
The stresses that result are fully encoded in the geometry and described
by a divergencefree surface stress tensor. This stress tensor can be
used to express the force on a particle as a line integral along any
conveniently chosen closed contour that surrounds the particle. The
resulting expression is exact (i.e., free of any 'smallness' assumptions)
and independent of the chosen surface parametrization. Additional surface
degrees of freedom, such as vector fields describing lipid tilt, are readily
included in this formalism. As an illustration, we derive the exact force
for several important surface Hamiltonians in various symmetric twoparticle
configurations in terms of the midplane geometry; its sign is evident in
certain interesting limits. Specializing to the linear regime, where the
shape can be analytically determined, these general expressions yield
forcedistance relations, several of which have originally been derived
by using an energy based approach.
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Phys. Rev. E, 72(6): 061407, 2005. See also condmat/0506019. Also featured in the Virtual Journal of Biological Physics Research.
 Geometry of surfacemediated interactions
Martin Michael Müller, Markus Deserno, Jemal Guven 
Abstract
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Europhys. Lett., 69(3): pp. 482488, 2005. See also condmat/0409043.
2. Books

New Trends in the Physics and Mechanics of Biological Systems
Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School, vol. 92 (Oxford University Press, 2011),
edited by Martine Ben Amar, Alain Goriely, Martin Michael Müller and Leticia Cugliandolo.
Chapter 9:
The physics of the cell membrane
Martin Michael Müller and Martine Ben Amar.
3. Theses

Theoretical examinations of interface mediated interactions between colloidal particles,
diploma thesis (2004).

Theoretical studies of fluid membrane mechanics, dissertation (2007).

Symmetry breaking in bioelasticity, habilitation thesis (2015).
