Fluid surface adhesion
- Contact lines for fluid surface adhesion
Markus Deserno, Martin Michael Müller, Jemal Guven
When a fluid surface adheres to a substrate, the location of the
contact line adjusts in order to minimize the overall energy. This
adhesion balance implies boundary conditions which depend on the
characteristic surface deformation energies. We develop a general
geometrical framework within which these conditions can be
We treat both adhesion to a rigid substrate as well as adhesion
between two fluid surfaces, and illustrate our general results for
several important Hamiltonians involving both curvature and
curvature gradients. Some of these have previously been studied
using very different techniques, others are to our knowledge new.
What becomes clear in our approach is that, except for capillary
phenomena, these boundary conditions are not the manifestation
of a local force balance, even if the concept of surface stress is
properly generalized. Hamiltonians containing higher order surface
derivatives are not just sensitive to boundary translations but also
notice changes in slope or even curvature.
Both the necessity and the functional form of the corresponding
additional contributions follow readily from our treatment.
Phys. Rev. E, 76(1): 011605, 2007. See also cond-mat/0703019.
Also featured in the Virtual Journal of Biological Physics Research.